Further emphasising the last point, research shows that older people who regularly take part in physical activities have a lower risk of cognitive problems and vascular dementia, says Dr Sancho.
“But keeping physically active can hold benefits for people of any age, so it is never too early or too late to adopt a lifestyle that supports a healthy brain and improves vascular health,” she said.
What you can do to reduce the risk: “Depending on your health and fitness, there are many ways to stay active, from going for short walks or doing some gardening to taking up physical activities such as running, swimming or cycling,” noted Dr Sancho.
Lower high blood pressure
If your blood pressure is too high, it puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.
“Persistent high blood pressure can increase your risk of a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions including forms of dementia such as vascular dementia,” warns Dr Sancho.
What you can do to reduce the risk: “By cutting out smoking, eating a healthy diet and regularly exercising you can help to reduce your blood pressure,” she said.
However, if you do all of these things and still have high blood pressure, or have a family history of high blood pressure, you should speak to your GP about how you can address this, notes Dr Sancho.